Mathews

The problem is, that new divide doesn’t fall down tradition

party lines — hence the defections from both of the UK’s main parties. And if how you voted on Brexit ultimately dictates how you vote, what do

es that mean in the context of the rest of a political platform?
In the 2017 general election, there was a direct correlation between how a seat vot

ed in the Brexit referendum and how the Conservatives (seen as more pro-Brexit) and Labour (seen as more pro-EU

) performed respectively.
Rob Ford, Professor of Political Science at the University of Manchester and au

thor of the upcoming book Brexitland, believes that this is because Brexit was never really about Brexit. “It’s what we aca

demics call the second ideological dimension. Traditional politics relies on the demonstrable: Do you support free-ma

rket economics or regulation? The second dimension has more to do with instinct: Do you want border control or to

welcome refugees? In this sense, Brexit wasn’t really a question of how do you feel about the EU, rather, do you wa

nt to live in a progressive, global UK, or do you want to retreat and live in a more traditional country?”

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In recent years, Japan and North Korea have interact

mainly on the issue of past abductions of Japanese nationals, and over Pyongyang conduc

ting nuclear and missiles tests which have Japan within their range. Whenever tensions soared on the Korean P

eninsula, Japan took a hard-line stance toward North Korea and proposed to enhance sanctions.

If Washington-Pyongyang ties improve, Tokyo may rethink its policy toward North Korea, participate in

efforts with other East Asian countries to push for peace on the Peninsula and ease geopolitical strains.

After the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics, Tokyo has been marginalized over the Korean Peninsula.

Furthermore, on the abductions issue and North Korea’s nuclear issue, Japan’s right to speak is waning.

If the US’ basic request on North Korea is met, Japan may seek to normalize relations w

ith North Korea. Furthermore, Tokyo may help Pyongyang’s economy later by offering fin

ancial aid and investment. With these moves, Japan may intend to increase its influence on the Peninsula.

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The UK National Cyber Security Centre has concluded tha

ways to limit the risks from using Huawei in future 5G ultra-fast networks,” according to tw

o people familiar with the matter which has not been made public, The Financial Times reported.

The article comments that the conclusion is “a serious blow to US efforts to persuade

allies to ban the Chinese supplier from high-speed telecommunications systems.”

As a member of the Five Eyes (the anglophone intelligence alliance comprising Austral

ia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the US), London may indeed have given a reason for other E

uropean countries to continue using Huawei based on the above conclusion.

Not a single country or organization has found any evidence so far demonstrating that Huawei has illegally collected its device users’ i

nformation. All accusations against Huawei of gathering intelligence for the Chinese government are only ba

sed on imagination. London’s conclusion provides a reliable basis for third parties to dispel such fears.

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Major European countries have shown a rather complicated

attitude toward Huawei and China. They wish to maintain their relationship with the US, while hesitating to completely exclude Hu

awei equipment. Most European network operators oppose banning Huawei. Hence there remains uncertainty on Huawei issues.

We are at a historic crossroads. One choice is to explain disputes and uncertainties as serious political and secu

rity issues, and push international relations in the direction of confrontation. Another is to handle p

roblems objectively to create a world dominated by cooperation and mutual compromise.

Europe played only a supporting part in the Cold War, but it may have its own leading role and guard its dignity in the era of multi-polar cooperation.

Whether it is possible for Europe to use high-quality and affordable Huawei equipment and b

uild an efficient and cheap 5G network is the touchstone for the continent to defend its independent role.

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Philippines advised to treat Chinese firms fairlyortedly interes

Two Chinese companies are reportedly interested in buying the Philippines’ largest shipyard, once an important US naval base in the Pacific region. Some Phi

lippine politicians have expressed concern over a possible Chinese takeover, saying it will be a very significant national security issue.

An unexpected dilemma is brewing in the Philippines. Since the start of the presidency of Rodrigo Dutert

e, a marked warming of bilateral ties has stoked Chinese firms’ enthusiasm for investing in the Southeast Asian country. In 2018,

China’s outbound investment in the Philippines rose by more than 8,000 percent from a year earlier.

With the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), China hopes to shore up economic cooperation and let count

ries and regions along the routes share the dividends of China’s growth. Most countries don’t want to miss the o

pportunity, the Philippines being no exception. If the Philippine government bans Chinese companies from buying the s

hipyard from its current South Korean owner, it will hit Chinese people’s enthusiasm for investing in the country.

However, the explosive growth of investment has triggered concern over China’s increasing presence in the Pacific r

egion. The mass migration of Chinese to Southeast Asia has a long history, and anti-Chinese sentiment has been floating in

those countries. An increased Chinese presence will perhaps intensify anti-Chinese sentiment and complicate the issue.

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Japan aims to expand political clout by creating global military

In April and July, Japan signed the Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA), a m

ilitary logistics pact, with Canada and France respectively. The Japanese government will tr

y to get it approved by the National Diet this year. Canada and France are also advancing domestic procedures for its approval.

The agreement will enable the provision of food, fuel and military supplies between Japan’s Self-Defense Forces (SDF) and Fren

ch and Canadian armies. Japan has also inked ACSAs with the US, the UK, Australia and India. Why did Japan sign such an agreement?

After WWII, especially in the late 1960s when Japan became an economic powerhouse, it was no longer satisfied with its status as a military microstate.

In the mid-1980s, Japan accelerated the pace to push its SDF onto the world stage with the aim of becoming a major political power.

In 1996, Japan signed the ACSA with the US, followed by one with Aus

tralia in 2010. After the new security law took effect on March 29, 2016, Ja

pan amended the two ACSAs, which enabled more flexible provision of ammunition in wartime between the signatories.

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The 67-year-old princess, the eldest daughter of the late King

Bhumibol Adulyadej and sister of the present King, married an American and relinquished her title in 1972. After returning to Th

ailand in 2001 following her divorce, she resumed royal duties and enjoyed prestige among the Thai people, although her royal title has not yet been restored.

Around 20 military coups have taken place in Thailand since the country became a constitutional mo

narchy in 1932. The Constitution was also amended in 2017 during the military government’s rule.

In this context, the Thai Raksa Chart party (Thai Save The Nation, or TSN) tried to break the v

icious circle in Thailand’s politics by nominating Ubolratana as the prime ministerial candid

ate. The probability of her winning the election would have been high if she were allowed to contest. Her victory would have brought back political sta

bility to some extent. TSN is linked to former Thai leader Thaksin Shinawatra, who enjoys popular appeal in the country. Thaksin carried out several pol

icies that benefited the grass roots and won him their support. Even though he was ousted in 2006, his influence remains strong.

In the upcoming election, I believe pro-Thaksin parties can still have high public app

roval ratings. But considering the latest military-drafted constitution which gives considerable

rights to bureaucrats and military, it is still not known whether a pro-Thaksin politician can be elected prime minister.

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Terrorist issue could be better addressed by Indiarror strike by P

A terror strike by Pakistan-based terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed killed at least 40 India paramilitary police and injured many others in the India

n-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir on Thursday, Indian media reported. Blind anger toward China was ignited after it.

Some Indian analysts sought to link the deadly attack to “China’s continued protection” of the perpe

trators. By refusing to back India’s appeal to list Masood Azhar, leader of terrorist outfit Ja

ish-e-Mohammed, as a global terrorist by the UN, they argued, China is supporting terrorism against India.

Citing China’s refusal to support the bid to have Azhar blacklisted by the UN, India in recent years has aggressively bl

amed China for allying with Pakistan in shielding terrorists. It disregards the fact that as a victim of terrorism itself, China has

pledged to support the international community’s anti-terrorism efforts and stands ready to work with India and all other countries to fight terrorism.

As for the issue of listing Azhar, Beijing has reiterated its stand several times that New Delhi should pr

ovide solid facts and proofs for banning Azhar. China has reason to cautiously handle the issue. Observers worry that blacklisting Azhar co

uld be used by India to increase its military pressure on Pakistan, thus risking exacerbating tensions between the two countries.

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The US team expressed the willingness to make joint effor

rts with the Chinese team to strive for the conclusion of a deal that meets the interests of both sides.

“We bring the best wishes of President Trump. He’s asked us to state that

he also places great importance on his personal relationship with you,” Lighthizer said.

“We have had two very good days of negotiations. We feel that we have made headway on some very, very important and

very difficult issues,” he said. “We have additional work we have to do but we are hopeful.”

Xi asked Lighthizer and Mnuchin to extend his sincere greetings to President Trump, saying

that he cherishes their good working relationship and would like to keep in contact with him.

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ooperation will bring benefits to the two countries while

conflicts will injure both sides, he added.Xi called China-US ties one of the world’s most important

bilateral relationships, and the two countries have wide common interests a

nd shoulder important responsibilities in safeguarding world peace and promoting global prosperity.

Maintaining the healthy and stable development of the China-US relationship is in line with the fundamen

tal interests of the people of both countries, and it is also the common wish of the international community, Xi said.

Xi mentioned his latest meeting with US President Donald Trump on the sidelines of the G20 Leaders

Summit in Argentina in December, saying that the two leaders reached important consensuses.

The two countries should promote building stable, cooperative and coordinative Chi

na-US relations, Xi said. The two sides should enhance communication, focus on cooperation a

nd handle disputes to promote economic and trade cooperation, Xi added.

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